Salt Point (Part One): A Sea of Fruiting Bodies

Winter always beckons us to camp at Salt Point State Park, on northern California’s wild Sonoma coast. This rugged stretch of shoreline has for centuries been home to Kashaya Pomo Indians living, hunting, fishing and foraging in the sea and hillside forests.

Gorgeous cladonia, a California lichen

Inland, these woods and grasslands gradually merge with wind-tossed Bishop pines; second-growth redwoods descended from trees logged in the last couple hundred years; and Douglas fir, madrone, and tanoak. Ascending trails up to about 1,000 feet, we’re treated to views of meadow and prairie where elk once roamed. At the park’s high point is a pygmy forest of smaller cypress, pine, and redwoods – growth stunted from acidic, nutrient-poor soil and a hardpan subsurface layer. Native animals such as coyote and gray fox are usually nocturnal, while bobcats are active during the day. We’ve spotted black-tailed deer, raccoons, squirrels, chipmunks, and field mice. More elusive bears, mountain lions, badgers, and porcupines also range here. I heard woodpeckers gouging out tree trunks and logs to store food and build nests; and watched highly intelligent, mischievous Steller’s jays and ravens scour campsites in search of food.

Black trumpet, aka black chanterelle, aka trumpets of death (but NOT toxic!)

As in previous years, besides seeing the coast, our primary purpose was to gather some of the delectable mushrooms sharing these forests with redwoods, firs, and oaks. Recently we attended a brief overview presented by Sonoma County Mycological Association – a local society providing forest forays, fungus identification help, and links to resources like the beautifully illustrated Mushrooms of the Redwood Coast, and mushroomobserver.org.

Mushrooms – or what we think of as mushrooms – are really just fungal spore-producing fruiting bodies that get nutrients through an underground web called mycelia, using these main modes:

  • mycorrhizal: symbiotic subsoil fungi (e.g.  hedgehogschanterelles and amanita) that increase the root capacity of plant partners such as trees and orchids – whose carbohydrates in turn feed the fungus.
  • saprophytic: these tasty mushrooms like portabella, shiitake, and porcini are recyclers of dead plant material that share water and nutrients. Like mycorrhizal fungi, they also share stress signals via mycelia (for example, when trees increase tannins in response to stress); but unlike mycorrhizals they’re easier to cultivate, as are the parasitic types below.
  • parasitic: these fungi, such as maitake or hen of the woods, parasitize their hosts (oaks) and, paradoxically, keep them alive. Jelly mushrooms such as witch’s butter, which parasitizes the false turkey tail, are obligate parasites – require their hosts to live.

    Turkey tail fungi

Mushroom colonizers (spores) seek specific nutrients in media like dead logs, cones, seed pods or bark. There, they grow and go through their life cycle, then release spores back into the environment. Meanwhile, the fungi break down the host medium. All these necessary elements combine to build healthy soil ecosystems, and without them, this delicate balance can’t be sustained. The fascinating fungal kingdom’s members also include molds, yeasts, and agricultural rusts, smuts, and blights.

Black elfin saddle, growing at the base of a pine

Some fungi exist only a few hours. Others are perennial, living for thousands of years. We learned that Otzi, the ice man, was found with conks – some of which can carry and preserve burning embers (others are used for dyeing, like the dyer’s polypore or artist’s conk, among others). Some fungi follow fires, such as morels in the Sierras (and perhaps will show up here, after 2017’s fires), as a burn changes soil chemistry for a couple of years. Prescribed burns apparently don’t affect the mycelium, which lives several inches below the soil surface.

 

Shroomarella! Hedgehogs show their toothed undersides (chanterelle in rear)

Our Salt Point sojourn proved to be a fantastic day of foraging – our best haul ever, with several meals’ worth of chanterelles, black trumpets, and bellybutton hedgehogs. Although this winter has been extremely dry, for some reason we found even more than last year, which was extraordinarily rainy. At camp we sauteed them in oil and garlic, a perfect marriage with linguini!

The super-blue blood moon (once in a blue moon?) shone full that night. As it rose in the east over pines ringing the campground, it was so big and bright I could almost see it moving as, throughout the evening, we watched it traverse the sky, crossing the constellations Gemini and Orion. Luminous and beautiful, it flooded our camp with light, and B. turned off his headlamp. A roaring fire kept us warm, as did feelings of contentment, gratitude, and wonder as I hadn’t felt in a long, long time.

CAUTION: NEVER eat mushrooms you can’t positively identify; if in doubt, throw it out!

Black trumpets, hedgehogs, and chanterelles – our feast!

 

 

Advertisements

About thislittleplot

Writer, hiker, loafer
This entry was posted in Conservation, Local Area Hikes and trips, Nature and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

10 Responses to Salt Point (Part One): A Sea of Fruiting Bodies

  1. Leah Zagreus says:

    Wonderful! Salt Point is one of my favorite places.

  2. It’s great to hear from you! Mushroom hunting is a big deal up here in Northwestern California, and to be honest I never understood why. But I’m slowly learning, through conversations and informational pieces like this post, that mushrooms are actually pretty awesome.

    • You too! You’ve been on such a fascinating journey these past couple of years (at least). Mushrooms really are a world unto themselves; people do seem to get obsessive about them, but it seems quite understandable since they affect so many aspects of natural life: plants, animals (including humans), medicine, cooking, soil biology, etc.

  3. owlwoman says:

    What an evocative post. The more I learn about fungi, the more amazing it is. I don’t have enough knowledge of mushrooms to pick them in the wild; my foraging is far more basic! One day, perhaps.

    • They are a fascinating world unto themselves, and as I’ve discovered, once you take an interest in a small part of that world, it really sucks you in! You are smart to be cautious about picking them; always best to be safe. What else do you forage? There’s so much available around our area: nasturtiums, miner’s lettuce, and I’ve even been reading about “sea foraging,” which must be for seaweed – I’m very interested.

      • owlwoman says:

        My foraging is basic – wild garlic and gorse flowers, mostly, but I love nasturtium, too. I should forage for seaweed as I’m so close to the sea, but I’m concerned about the pollution around here.

      • Probably good to be cautious; perhaps there are local experts and/or societies who can advise you on safe places or varieties of sea plants to harvest. Wild garlic and nasturtium, how wonderful! I’m curious to try gorse someday, too.

  4. Chris says:

    Gorgeous cladonia indeed! What a beautifully-named and artistic little creature!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.